What are Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs)?

OMDs are disorders that indicate abnormal function of orofacial structures (tongue, lips, teeth, jaw, cheek, nasal passages). 

Signs of OMDs 

  • Oral habits (Thumb/finger sucking, prolonged pacifier use)

  • Low forward resting tongue posture, "tongue thrust"

  • Tethered oral tissues (tongue tie, lip tie)

  • Mouth breathing

  • Reverse swallow when drinking and eating

  • Errored speech sounds

  • Disordered breathing and sleep apnea

  • Malocclusion and orthodontic relapse

  • Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder

What Do OMDs Negatively Affect?

  • Orofacial growth and development 

  • Airway competency

  • Chewing and swallowing

  • Articulation and speech intelligibility

  • Efficiency of orthodontic treatment

  • Adequate sleep 

  • Oral hygiene

  • Proper posture

How To Treat OMDs

Depending on the client’s goals, Orofacial Myofunctional Treatment may include:

  • Establishing correct resting tongue and facial posture

  • Eliminating oral habits 

  • Establishing nasal breathing

  • Learning to chew and swallow correctly

  • Correcting speech sound errors